Academy of sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
Research Title: Similarity and Peculiarities of the Models of States in the Sunni Politico-Legal Tradition in the Pre-Modern Epoch: Central Asia, Turkey, India in the 10th–11th/16th–17th Centuries.
Dr. Dodkhudoeva obtained her PhD from the Institute of History, Archaeology, and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan in 1983 with the dissertation “Epigraphic Monuments of Samarqand, XI–XIV Centuries.” Her ANAMED project focuses on state models in the Sunni Politico-Legal Tradition in Central Asia, Turkey, and in India. The search for a model of the state that meets Islamic political and legal principles and differs from the type of nation-state introduced by Modernity is a key topic of global Islamic discourse. Frequently the Islamic politico-legal basis of the state is perceived as something highly rigid and incapable of development. Sharia is still perceived as a divine law that strictly regulates all aspects of the life of a state. Such ignorance prevents a full assessment of the nature and role of the Muslim state as a socio-political construct. The Qur‘an does not contain recommendations for state-building or a specific form of state management, and the very concept of “dawla” (state) is absent in it. Both the Qur‘an and Sharia formulate only general moral guidelines, assigning the task of finding answers to the questions of being to the Muslims themselves (Q,4б:59). The peculiarity of Sunni legal culture, the multidimensionality of the environment formed by the legal consciousness of Muslims, throughout history, generated a significant scatter of opinions and significant differences in approaches to solving problems of social reality (fiqh and siyasa laws). The aim of the project is to compare instruments and methods of political governance in the states of the Sunni politico-legal tradition of Central Asia (Shibanids, Ashtarkhanids / Janids), Turkey (Ottomans), and India (Great Moguls) in the 10th–11th / 16th–17th centuries, times preceding the frontal penetration of the project of Modernity, and to identify commonalities and peculiarities in the models of these states.
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